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Important question

11th Standard

    Reg.No. :
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Physics

answer all the following questions:
Time : 01:00:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 100
    Part-A
    20 x 1 = 20
  1. A uniform force of (2\(\hat { i }\)+\(\hat { j }\)) N acts on a particle of mass 1 kg. The particle displaces from position (3\(\hat { j }\)+\(\hat { k }\)) m to (5\(\hat { i }\)+3\(\hat { j }\)) m. The work done by the force on the particle is

    (a)

    9 J

    (b)

    6 J

    (c)

    10 J

    (d)

    12 J

  2. A ball of mass 1 kg and another of mass 2kg are dropped from a tall building whose height is 80 m. After, a fall of 40 m each towards Earth, their respective kinetic energies will be in the ratio of

    (a)

    \(\sqrt2:1\)

    (b)

    \(1:\sqrt2\)

    (c)

    2:1

    (d)

    1:2

  3. A body of mass 1 kg is thrown upwards with a velocity 20 ms-1 It momentarily comes to rest after attaining a height of 18 m. How much energy is lost due to air friction?(Take g = 10 ms-2)

    (a)

    20 J

    (b)

    30 J

    (c)

    40 J

    (d)

    10 J

  4. A body of mass 4 m is lying in xy-plane at rest. It suddenly explodes into three pieces. Two pieces each of mass m move perpendicular to each other with equal speed v. The total kinetic energy generated due to explosion is

    (a)

    mv2

    (b)

    \(\frac{3}{2}\)mv2

    (c)

    2mv2

    (d)

    4mv2

  5. The potential energy of a system increases, if work is done

    (a)

    by the system against a conservative force

    (b)

    by the system against a non-conservative force

    (c)

    upon the system by a conservative force

    (d)

    upon the system by a non- conservative force

  6. What is the minimum velocity with which a body of mass m must enter a vertical loop of radius R so that it can complete the loop?

    (a)

    \(\sqrt{2gR}\)

    (b)

    \(\sqrt{3gR}\)

    (c)

    \(\sqrt{5gR}\)

    (d)

    \(\sqrt{gR}\)

  7. The work done by the conservative force for a closed path is

    (a)

    always negative

    (b)

    zero

    (c)

    always positive

    (d)

    not defined

  8. If the linear momentum of the object is increased by 0.1% then the kinetic energy is Increased by

    (a)

    0.1 %

    (b)

    0.2 %

    (c)

    0.4 %

    (d)

    0.01 %

  9. If the potential energy of the particle is \(\alpha -\frac { \beta }{ 2 } { x }^{ 2 }\) then force experienced by the particle is

    (a)

    F=\(\frac { \beta }{ 2 } { x }^{ 2 }\)

    (b)

    F=βx

    (c)

    F=-βx

    (d)

    F=-\(\frac { \beta }{ 2 } { x }^{ 2 }\)

  10. A wind-powered generator converts wind U(x) energy into electric energy. Assume that the generator converts a fixed fraction of the wind energy intercepted by its blades into electrical energy. For wind speed v, the electrical power output will be proportional to,

    (a)

    v

    (b)

    v2

    (c)

    v3

    (d)

    v4

  11. A particle is placed at the origin and a force F = kx is acting on it (where k is a positive constant). If U (0) = 0, the graph of U(x) versus x will be (where U, is the potential , energy function)

    (a)

    (b)

    (c)

    (d)

  12. A particle which is constrained to move along x-axis, is subjected to a force in the same direction which varies with the distance x of the particle from the origin as F(x) =kx + ax3. Here, k and a are positive constants. For x≥0, the functional form of the potential, energy U(x) of the particles

    (a)

    (b)

    (c)

    (d)

  13. A spring of force constant k is cut into two pieces such that one piece is double the length of the other. Then, the long piece will have a force constant of

    (a)

    \(\frac{2}{3}\)k

    (b)

    \(\frac{3}{2}\)k

    (c)

    3k

    (d)

    6k

  14. Convert 1 kWh in joule

    (a)

    1.2 x102 J

    (b)

    2.4 x104 J

    (c)

    3.6 x106 J

    (d)

    4.4 x103 J

  15. A motor which is capable of raising 2,000 litres of water in 3 mins from a well 120 m deep. So what is the power of a motor?

    (a)

    8.730 kW

    (b)

    7.840 kW

    (c)

    11.652kW

    (d)

    13.066kW

  16. If momentum of a body increases by 100% then what will be percentage increase in its kinetic energy?

    (a)

    200%

    (b)

    100%

    (c)

    300%

    (d)

    400%

  17. A particles moves along x-axis from x = 0 to x = 7m under the influence of a force given by f(x)=12-2x+3x2 then the workdone is,

    (a)

    205 J

    (b)

    390 J

    (c)

    378 J

    (d)

    291 J

  18. A particles along y axis from y = 1 m to y = 3 m under the influence of a force given by f(y)=6-2y+3y2 then the work done is,

    (a)

    48 J

    (b)

    50 J

    (c)

    -48 J

    (d)

    - 50 J

  19. An engine pumps water continuously through a hose. Water leaves the hose with a velocity v and m is the mass per unit length of the water of the jet. What is the rate at which kinetic energy is imparted to water?

    (a)

    \({{1}\over{2}}{m}{v}^{2}\)

    (b)

    mv3

    (c)

    \({{1}\over{2}}{m}{v}^{3}\)

    (d)

    \({{1}\over{2}}{m}{v}^{2}\)

  20. Two equal masses m1 and m2 moving along the same straight line with velocities + 3 m/s and -5 m/s respectively collide elastically. Their velocities after the collision will be respectively

    (a)

    - 4 m/s and +4 m/s

    (b)

    +4 m/s for both

    (c)

    - 3 m/s and +5 m/s

    (d)

    - 5 m/s and + 3 m/s

  21. Part-B
    10 x 2 = 20
  22. Explain how the definition of work in physics is different from general perception

  23. Write the various types of potential energy. Explain the formulae.

  24. Write the differences between conservative and Non-conservative forces. Give two examples each.

  25. Explain the characteristics of elastic and inelastic collision.

  26. Define the following
    a) Coefficient of restitution
    b) Power
    c) Law of conservation of energy
    d) loss of kinetic energy in inelastic collision

  27. Calculate the work done by a force of 30 N in lifting a load of 2kg to a height of 10m (g = 10ms-2).

  28. A ball with a velocity of 5 ms-1 impinges at angle of 60° with the vertical on a smooth horizontal plane. If the coefficient of restitution is 0.5. find the velocity and direction after the impact.

  29. A bob of mass m is attached to one end of the rod of negligible mass and length r, the other end of which is pivoted freely at a fixed center O as shown in the figure. What initial speed must be given to the object to reach the top of the circle? (Hint: Use law of conservation of energy). Is this -speed less or greater than speed obtained in the section 4.2.9?

  30. Two different unknown masses A and B collide. A is initially at rest when B has a speed v. After collision B has a speed v/2 and moves at right angles to its original direction of motion. Find the direction in which A moves after collision

  31. A bullet of mass 20 g strikes a pendulum of mass 5 kg. Th e centre of mass of pendulum rises a vertical distance of 10 em. If the bullet gets embedded into the pendulum, calculate its initial speed

  32. Part-C
    10 x 3 = 30
  33. A weight lifter lifts a mass of 250 kg with a force 5000 N to the height of 5m
    (a) What is the work done by the weight lifter?
    (b) What is the work done by the gravity?
    (c) What is the net work done on the object?

  34. Two objects of masses 2 kg and 4 kg are moving with the same momentum of 20 kg m s-1
    (a) Will they have same kinetic energy?
    (b) Will they have same speed?

  35. An object of mass 2 kg is taken to a height 5 m from the ground (g = 10 ms-2 ).
    (a) Calculate the potential energy stored in the object.
    (b) Where does this potential energy come from?
    (c) What external force must act to bring the mass to that height?
    (d) What is the net force that acts on the object while the object is taken to the height 'h'?

  36. A body of mass m is attached to the spring which is elongated to 25 cm by an applied force from its equilibrium position.
    (a) Calculate the potential energy stored in the spring-mass system?
    (b) What is the work done by the spring force in this elongation?
    (c) Suppose the spring is compressed to the same 25 cm, calculate the potential energy stored and also the work done by the spring force during compression. (The spring constant, k= 0.1 N m-1).

  37. Compute the work done by the gravitational force for the following cases

  38. Consider an object of mass 2 kg moved by an external force 20 N in a surface having coefficient of kinetic friction 0.9 to a distance 10 m. What is the work done by the external force and kinetic friction? Comment on the result. (Assume g = 10 ms-2)

  39. A body of mass 100 kg is lifted to a height 10 m from the ground in two different ways as shown in the figure. What is the work done by the gravity in both the cases? Why is it easier to take the object through a ramp?

  40. An object of mass 2 kg attached to a spring is moved to a distance x = 10 m from its equilibrium position. The spring constant k = 1N m-1 and assume that the surface is frictionless.
    (a) When the mass crosses the equilibrium position, what is the speed of the mass?
    (b) What is the force that acts on the object when the mass crosses the equilibrium position and extreme position x = ± 10m?

  41. A vehicle of mass 1250 kg is driven with an acceleration 0.2 along a straight level road against an external resistive force 500 N. Calculate the power delivered by the vehicle's engine if the velocity of the vehicle is 30 ms-1.

  42. A lighter particle moving with a speed of 10 ms-1 collides with an object of double its mass moving in the same direction with half its speed. Assume that the collision is a one dimensional elastic collision. What will be the speed of both particles after the collision?

  43. Part-D
    6 x 5 = 30
  44. Explain with graphs the difference between work done by a constant force and by a variable force

  45. State and explain work energy principle. Mention any three examples for it.

  46. Arrive at an expression for power and velocity. Give some examples for the same.

  47. Arrive at an expression for elastic collision in one Dimension and discuss various cases.

  48. What is inelastic collision? In which way it is different from elastic collision. Mention few examples in day to day life for inelastic collision.

  49. Deduce the relation between momentum and kinetic energy.

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