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Modern World: The Age of Reason One Mark Questions with Answer

12th Standard EM

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History

Time : 00:30:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 20
    20 x 1 = 20
  1. Which one of the following was not an independent trading city?

    (a)

    Nuremberg

    (b)

    Antwerp

    (c)

    Genoa

    (d)

    St. Petersburg

  2. Which one of the following had relegated religion to a subordinate place?

    (a)

    Renaissance

    (b)

    Reformation

    (c)

    Geographical Discovery

    (d)

    Commercial Revolution

  3. Of the following Popes, who was not the patron of Italian Renaissance?

    (a)

    Nicholas V

    (b)

    Julius II

    (c)

    Pius II

    (d)

    Paul III

  4. Whose success encouraged overseas enterprises enormously?

    (a)

    Marco Polo

    (b)

    Roger Bacon

    (c)

    Columbus

    (d)

    Bartholomew Diaz

  5. Assertion (A): Paper originated in China in second century BC (BCE).
    Reason (R): Germany invented the movable printing press

    (a)

    Both A and R are correct. R explains A

    (b)

    Both A and R are correct but R does not explain A

    (c)

    A is correct but R is wrong

    (d)

    A is wrong but R is correct

  6. Which one of the following was not an idea developed during the age of Renaissance?

    (a)

    rationalism

    (b)

    scepticism

    (c)

    anarchism

    (d)

    individualism

  7. Who is considered the father of modern experimental science?

    (a)

    Aristotle

    (b)

    Plato

    (c)

    Roger Bacon

    (d)

    Landsteiner

  8. Who wanted humankind to be ruled not by dogma and authority but rather by reason?

    (a)

    Dante

    (b)

    Machiavelli

    (c)

    Roger Bacon

    (d)

    Petrarch

  9. Who came to Italy seeking the help of the West in the war against the Turks?

    (a)

    Giovanni Aurispa

    (b)

    Manuel Chrysaloras

    (c)

    Roger Bacon

    (d)

    Columbus

  10. Assertion (A): Galileo Galilei was tried by the Church for heresy.
    Reason (R): He accepted the views of Copernicus’ heliocentric theory.

    (a)

    Both A and R are correct. R explains A

    (b)

    Both A and R are correct but R does not explain A

    (c)

    A is correct but R is wrong

    (d)

    A is wrong but R is correct

  11. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct?
     

    Statement I: Italians managed to preserve the belief that they were descendants of the ancient Vikings.
    Statement II: The hazard of sea voyages was reduced by the use of firearms and canon.
    Statement III: The eagerness to spread religion (Christianity) also acted as an impetus to the exploration of new lands.
    Statement IV: Ferdinand Magellan sailed westward and discovered Brazil

     

    (a)

    I, II & III

    (b)

    II & III

    (c)

    I & III

    (d)

    All are correct.

  12. Which one of the following was not the work of Leonardo da Vinci?

    (a)

    Virgin of the Rocks

    (b)

    Last Supper

    (c)

    Mona Lisa

    (d)

    Madonna and Child

  13. The Cathedral of St. Peters in Rome, built by the Popes, was fashioned by ____________

    (a)

    Donatello

    (b)

    Raphael

    (c)

    Leonardo da Vinci

    (d)

    Michelangelo

  14. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?
     

     

    (a)

    Marlowe - Dido

    (b)

    Shakespeare - King Lear

    (c)

    Francis Bacon - Novum Organum

    (d)

    Roger Bacon - Decameron

  15. Assertion (A): The Turkish conquests and the fall of Constantinople provided stimulus to find a sea route to the East.
    Reason (R): As the demands for the products from the East increased, the European states wanted to control sea-borne trade.

    (a)

    Both A and R are correct. R explains A

    (b)

    Both A and R are correct. R does not explain A

    (c)

    A is correct but R is wrong

    (d)

    A is wrong but R is correct

  16. Which one of the following ships was returned after the death of Magellan?

    (a)

    Santa Maria

    (b)

    Pinta

    (c)

    Nina

    (d)

    Vittoria

  17. Who conquered Mexico for Spain?

    (a)

    Pedro Cabral

    (b)

    Columbus

    (c)

    Hernan Cortes

    (d)

    James Cook

  18. When was the Act of Supremacy passed by Henry VIII in England ?

    (a)

    1519

    (b)

    1532

    (c)

    1533

    (d)

    1534

  19. Assertion (A): The Black Death weakened the position of the church as it could not explain the causes for the Black Death.
    Reason (R): The authority of Pope came to be increasingly challenged.

    (a)

    Both A and R are correct. R explains A

    (b)

    Both A and R are correct. R does not explain A

    (c)

    A is correct but R is wrong

    (d)

    A is wrong but R is correct

  20. Who was the ruler of Germany excommunicated by Gregory VII?

    (a)

    Henry VII

    (b)

    Henry VIII

    (c)

    Henry II

    (d)

    Henry IV

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