The World after World War II One Mark Questions with Answer

12th Standard EM

    Reg.No. :
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History

Time : 00:30:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 20
    20 x 1 = 20
  1. By the end of 1947 the only country left out of the Soviet influence in eastern Europe was _______

    (a)

    East Germany

    (b)

    Czechoslovakia

    (c)

    Greece

    (d)

    Turkey

  2. Assertion (A): Stalin criticised Churchill as a warmonger.
    Reason (R): Churchill had earlier called for a western alliance against communism.

    (a)

    Both A and R are correct; R explains A

    (b)

    Both A and R are correct; R does not explain A

    (c)

    A is correct and R is wrong

    (d)

    A is wrong and R is correct

  3. The term “Cold War” was coined by _______

    (a)

    Bernard Baruch

    (b)

    George Orwell

    (c)

    George Kennan

    (d)

    Churchill

  4. Assertion (A): The soviet foreign minister dubbed the Marshall Plan as "dollar imperialism".
    Reason (R): In the Soviet view, Marshall Plan was little more than a ploy to spread American influence.

    (a)

    Both A and R are correct; R explains A

    (b)

    Both A and R are correct; R does not explain A

    (c)

    A is correct and R is wrong

    (d)

    A is wrong and R is correct

  5. Marshall aid was for the purpose of _________

    (a)

    Economic reconstruction of Europe

    (b)

    Protection of capitalistic enterprises.

    (c)

    Establishment of American hegemony in Europe

    (d)

    forming a military alliance against Soviet Russia

  6. Truman doctrine advocated ______

    (a)

    financial aid to stop the spread of communism

    (b)

    supply of weapons to the insurgents in colonies

    (c)

    interference in internal affairs of east European countries

    (d)

    permanent army to UN under US Commander

  7. Arrange the following in chronological order
    1) Warsaw Pact
    2) CENTO
    3) SEATO
    4) NATO

    (a)

    4, 2, 3, 1

    (b)

    1, 3, 2, 4

    (c)

    4, 3, 2, 1

    (d)

    1, 2, 3, 4

  8. The aim of the Baghdad Pact was to _________

    (a)

    protect England’s leadership in the Middle East

    (b)

    exploit the oil resources in the region

    (c)

    prevent communist influence

    (d)

    destabilise the government in Iraq

  9. US intervention in Lebanon was opposed by _________

    (a)

    Turkey

    (b)

    Iraq

    (c)

    India

    (d)

    Pakistan

  10. The term “Third World” was coined by ________

    (a)

    Alfred Sauvy

    (b)

    Marshall

    (c)

    Molotov

    (d)

    Harry Truman

  11. Match and choose the correct answer from the code given below

    (A) Indonesia 1. Jawaharlal Nehru
    (B) Egypt 2. Tito
    (C) Ghana 3. Kwame Nkrumah
    (D) Yugoslavia 4. Gamal Abdel Nasser
    (E) India 5. Sukarno
    (a)
    A B C D E
    5 3 4 2 1
    (b)
    A B C D E
    1 3 2 4 5
    (c)
    A B C D E
    5 4 3 2 1
    (d)
    A B C D E
    1 2 3 4 5
  12. The first Summit of NAM was held at ________

    (a)

    Belgrade

    (b)

    Beijing

    (c)

    Bandung

    (d)

    Pali

  13. Assertion (A): The Second World War proved that the League of Nation was a failure.
    Reason (R): World leaders realised the need for the creation of an effective organisation to prevent another war.

    (a)

    Both A and R are correct; R explains A

    (b)

    Both A and R are correct; but R does not explain A

    (c)

    A is correct but R is wrong

    (d)

    A is wrong and R is correct

  14. On 24 October 1945, the UNO came into existence with _______-

    (a)

    100 members

    (b)

    72 members

    (c)

    51 members

    (d)

    126 members

  15. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct?
    Statement I: The Birth of UNO coincided  with the beginning of Cold War.
    Statement II: During the Cold War period, the UNO played an important role in preventing wars.
    Statement III: But in disputes involving the permanent members of the Security Council, the UNO was a mute spectator.

    (a)

    I, II

    (b)

    II, III

    (c)

    I, III

    (d)

    All the above

  16. Suez Canal connects the Red Sea with the _______

    (a)

    Gulf of Aden

    (b)

    Gulf of Khambat

    (c)

    Mediterranean Sea

    (d)

    Arabian Sea

  17. Trygve Lie, the first Secretary General of the UNO, belonged to ___________

    (a)

    Burma

    (b)

    Japan

    (c)

    Singapore

    (d)

    Norway

  18. Assertion (A): In 2017, Britain voted to exit the European Union.
    Reason (R): Britain’s exit is known as Brexit.

    (a)

    Both A and R are correct; R explains A

    (b)

    Both A and R are correct; R does not explain A

    (c)

    A is correct and R is wrong

    (d)

    A is wrong and R is correct

  19. Glasnost denotes ___________

    (a)

    transparency and openness

    (b)

    democratisation of Communist Party of Soviet Union

    (c)

    restructuring of the Soviet Federal Assembly

    (d)

    reinventing communism

  20. Soviet Union disintegrated on ___________

    (a)

    November 17, 1991

    (b)

    November 17, 1991

    (c)

    May 1, 1991

    (d)

    October 17, 1991

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