Heat and Thermodynamics Three Marks Questions

11th Standard

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Physics

Time : 00:45:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 30
    10 x 3 = 30
  1. A person does 30 kJ work on 2 kg of water by stirring using a paddle wheel. While stirring, around 5 kcal of heat is released from water through its container to the surface and surroundings by thermal conduction and radiation. What is the change in internal energy of the system?

  2. Jogging every day is good for health. Assume that when you jog a work of 500 kJ is done and 230 kJ of heat is given off. What is the change in internal energy of your body?

  3. Give an example of a quasi-static process.

  4. A 0.5 mole of gas at temperature 300 K expands isothermally from an initial volume of 2 L to 6 L
    (a) What is the work done by the gas?
    (b) Estimate the heat added to the gas?
    (c) What is the final pressure of the gas?
    (The value of gas constant, R = 8.31 J mol-1 K-1)

  5. Th e following PV curve shows two isothermal processes for two diff erent temperatures and. Identify the higher temperature of these two.


  6. We often have the experience of pumping air into bicycle tyre using hand pump.
    Consider the air inside the pump as a thermodynamic system having volume V at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, 27°C. Assume that the nozzle of the tyre is blocked and you push the pump to a volume 1/4 of V. Calculate the final temperature of air in the pump? (For air , since the nozzle is blocked air will not flow into tyre and it can be treated as an adiabatic compression).

  7. The following graph shows a V-T graph for isobaric processes at two different pressures. Identify which one occurs at higher pressure.

  8. 500 g of water is heated from 30°C to 60°C. Ignoring the slight expansion of water, calculate the change in internal energy of the water? (specific heat of water 4184 J/kg.K)

  9. During a cyclic process, a heat engine absorbs 500 J of heat from a hot reservoir, does work and ejects an amount of heat 300 J into the surroundings (cold reservoir). Calculate the efficiency of the heat engine?

  10. A steam engine boiler is maintained at 250°C and water is converted into steam. This steam is used to do work and heat is ejected to the surrounding air at temperature 300K. Calculate the maximum efficiency it can have?

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