Important 1 mark question

11th Standard

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Physics

Use blue pen Only

Time : 00:40:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 60

    Answer all the questions

    60 x 1 = 60
  1. The length of a body is measured as 3.51 m, if the accuracy is 0.01 mm, then the percentage error in the measurement is

    (a)

    35.1%

    (b)

    1%

    (c)

    0.28%

    (d)

    0.035%

  2. If \(\pi=3.14,\) then the value of \({\pi}^{2}\) is

    (a)

    9.8596

    (b)

    9.860

    (c)

    9.86

    (d)

    9.9

  3. A length-scale (I) depends on the permittivity (e) of a dielectric material,  Boltzmann constant (kB), the absolute temperature (T),  the number per unit volume (n) of certain charged particles, and the charge (q) carried by each of the particles. Which of the following expression for I is dimensionally correct?

    (a)

    \(l=\sqrt{{{nq^2}\over{\epsilon {k}_{B}T}}}\)

    (b)

    \(l=\sqrt{{{\epsilon {k}_{B}T}\over{nq^2}}}\)

    (c)

    \(l=\sqrt{{{q^2}\over{e{n}^{{{2}\over{3}}}{k}_{B}}T}}\)

    (d)

    \(l=\sqrt{{{q^2}\over{\epsilon n{k}_{B}T}}}\)

  4. How many AU present in one light year?

    (a)

    6.30 x 104m

    (b)

    9.46 x 1015m

    (c)

    6.2 x 102m

    (d)

    9.4 x 1016m

  5. The speed of an object v = 90km/h. The same quantity of speed in m/s is

    (a)

    90

    (b)

    25

    (c)

    45

    (d)

    180

  6. 3.5 kg mass of a metal plate has the volume of 1.5 m3. Find the density of metal plate.

    (a)

    1.5 kg/m3

    (b)

    2.3 kg/m3

    (c)

    3.4 kg/m3

    (d)

    4.8 kg/m3

  7. The value of 1° is,

    (a)

    1.745 x 10-2 rad

    (b)

    1.946 x 10-11 rad

    (c)

    3.6 rad

    (d)

    3600 rad

  8. How many parsec are there in one kilometer?

    (a)

    3.084 x 10-16

    (b)

    3.084 x 108

    (c)

    3.24 x 10-14

    (d)

    None

  9. What is the SI unit of Area?

    (a)

    m

    (b)

    m2

    (c)

    Nm-1

    (d)

    cm-1

  10. Two resistors of resistances R1 = 10 ± 0.3 ohm and R2 = 20 ± 0.4 ohm are connected in parallel. The equivalent resistance of the parallel combination in ohm is

    (a)

    5.7 ± 0.1

    (b)

    15.2 ± 0.2

    (c)

    6.7 ± 0.2

    (d)

    9.5 ± 0.1

  11. Identify the unit vector in the following

    (a)

    \(\hat { i } +\hat { j } \)

    (b)

    \(\frac { \hat { i } }{ \sqrt { 2 } } \)

    (c)

    \(\hat { k } -\frac { \hat { j } }{ \sqrt { 2 } } \)

    (d)

    \(\frac { \hat { i } +\hat { j } }{ \sqrt { 2 } } \)

  12. If the velocity is \(\overrightarrow { v } =2\hat { i } +{ t }^{ 2 }\hat { j } -9\overrightarrow { k } \) then the magnitude of acceleration at t=0.5 s is

    (a)

    1 ms-2

    (b)

    2 ms-2

    (c)

    zero

    (d)

    -1 ms-2

  13. If an object is dropped from the top of a building and it reaches the ground at t = 4 s, then the height of the building is (ignoring air resistance) (g = 9.8 ms-2)

    (a)

    77.3 m

    (b)

    78.4 m

    (c)

    80.5 m

    (d)

    79.2 m

  14. A ball is dropped from some height towards the ground. Which one of the following represents the correct motion of the ball?

    (a)

    (b)

    (c)

    (d)

  15. If a particle executes uniform circular motion, choose the correct statement

    (a)

    The velocity and speed are constant

    (b)

    The acceleration and speed are constant.

    (c)

    The velocity and acceleration are constant.

    (d)

    The speed and magnitude of acceleration are constant.

  16. If an object is thrown vertically up with the initial speed u from the ground, then the time taken by the object ' to return back to ground is

    (a)

    \(\frac{u^2}{2g}\)

    (b)

    \(\frac{u^2}{g}\)

    (c)

    \(\frac{u}{2g}\)

    (d)

    \(\frac{2u}{g}\)

  17. An object is dropped in an unknown planet from height 50 m, it reaches the ground in 2 s . The acceleration due to gravity in this unknown planet is

    (a)

    g=20 ms-2

    (b)

    g=25 ms-2

    (c)

    g=15 ms-2

    (d)

    g=30 ms-2

  18. Consider the quantities pressure, power, energy, impulse, charge. Out of these, the only vector quantity is

    (a)

    pressure

    (b)

    power

    (c)

    impulse

    (d)

    charge

  19. The length of a vector is _______________

    (a)

    always a negative quantity

    (b)

    always a positive quantity

    (c)

    either positive or negative

    (d)

    denoted by '\(\lambda \)

  20. Distance is a scalar quantity and ______________ is a vector.

    (a)

    Speed

    (b)

    Length

    (c)

    Time

    (d)

    Displacement

  21. Two masses m1 and m2 are experiencing the same force where m1 < m2.The ration of their acceleration \(\frac { { a }_{ 1 } }{ { a }_{ 2 } } \)is

    (a)

    1

    (b)

    less than 1

    (c)

    greater than 1

    (d)

    all the three cases

  22. Choose appropriate free body diagram for the particle experiencing net acceleration along negative y direction. (Each arrow mark represents the force acting on the system).

    (a)

    (b)

    (c)

    (d)

  23. Choose the correct statement from the following

    (a)

    Centrifugal and centripetal forces are action reaction pairs

    (b)

    Centripetal forces is a natural force

    (c)

    Centrifugal force arises from gravitational force

    (d)

    Centripetal force acts towards the center and centrifugal force appears to act away from the center in a circular motion.

  24. In a rocket, the fuel burns at the rate of 1kg s-1. This fuel burnt eject gases at a speed of 90 km s-1. The force exerted on the rocket is,

    (a)

    45000N

    (b)

    90000 N

    (c)

    60000 N

    (d)

    10000 N

  25. A ball of 300 g mass moving with a speed of 20 m/s rebounds after striking normally a perfectly elastic wall. The change in momentum of a ball is

    (a)

    12 kg ms-1

    (b)

    -12 kg ms-1

    (c)

    6 kg ms-1

    (d)

    -6 kg ms-1

  26. A constant retarding force of 60 N is applied to a body of mass 25 kg moving with a speed of 20 ms-1 How long does the body take to stop?

    (a)

    8.33 seconds

    (b)

    7.58 seconds

    (c)

    4 seconds

    (d)

    5.8 seconds

  27. How many degrees make a one newton?

    (a)

    102 dyne

    (b)

    202 dyne

    (c)

    105 dyne

    (d)

    205 dyne

  28. A force of 2.5 N acts on a body of mass 10 g. What is the acceleration of the body?

    (a)

    1.5 x 102 ms-2

    (b)

    2.0 x 103 ms-2

    (c)

    2.5 x 103 ms-2

    (d)

    3.0 x 102 ms-2

  29. A block B is pushed momentarily along a horizontal surface with initial velocity v- μ coefficient of friction between B and surface, block B will come to rest after a time

    (a)

    v/gμ

    (b)

    gμ/v

    (c)

    g/v

    (d)

    v/g

  30. If the amount of work done by a force depends only on the initial and final positions of the object which has been moved, then such a force is called

    (a)

    gravitation

    (b)

    conservative

    (c)

    Retarding

    (d)

    Non conservative

  31. A uniform force of (2\(\hat { i }\)+\(\hat { j }\)) N acts on a particle of mass 1 kg. The particle displaces from position (3\(\hat { j }\)+\(\hat { k }\)) m to (5\(\hat { i }\)+3\(\hat { j }\)) m. The work done by the force on the particle is

    (a)

    9 J

    (b)

    6 J

    (c)

    10 J

    (d)

    12 J

  32. A body of mass 4 m is lying in xy-plane at rest. It suddenly explodes into three pieces. Two pieces each of mass m move perpendicular to each other with equal speed v. The total kinetic energy generated due to explosion is

    (a)

    mv2

    (b)

    \(\frac{3}{2}\)mv2

    (c)

    2mv2

    (d)

    4mv2

  33. The potential energy of a system increases, if work is done

    (a)

    by the system against a conservative force

    (b)

    by the system against a non-conservative force

    (c)

    upon the system by a conservative force

    (d)

    upon the system by a non- conservative force

  34. The work done by the conservative force for a closed path is

    (a)

    always negative

    (b)

    zero

    (c)

    always positive

    (d)

    not defined

  35. If the linear momentum of the object is increased by 0.1% then the kinetic energy is Increased by

    (a)

    0.1 %

    (b)

    0.2 %

    (c)

    0.4 %

    (d)

    0.01 %

  36. If the potential energy of the particle is \(\alpha -\frac { \beta }{ 2 } { x }^{ 2 }\) then force experienced by the particle is

    (a)

    F=\(\frac { \beta }{ 2 } { x }^{ 2 }\)

    (b)

    F=βx

    (c)

    F=-βx

    (d)

    F=-\(\frac { \beta }{ 2 } { x }^{ 2 }\)

  37. Two equal masses m1 and m2 are moving along the same straight line with velocities 5ms-1 and -9 ms-1 respectively. If the collision is elastic, then calculate the velocities after the collision of m1 and mrespectively

    (a)

    -4ms-1 and 10 ms-1

    (b)

    10ms-1 and 0 ms-1

    (c)

    -9ms-1 and 5 ms-1

    (d)

    5ms-1 and 1 ms-1

  38. A particle is placed at the origin and a force F = kx is acting on it (where k is a positive constant). If U (0) = 0, the graph of U(x) versus x will be (where U, is the potential , energy function)

    (a)

    (b)

    (c)

    (d)

  39. A spring of force constant k is cut into two pieces such that one piece is double the length of the other. Then, the long piece will have a force constant of

    (a)

    \(\frac{2}{3}\)k

    (b)

    \(\frac{3}{2}\)k

    (c)

    3k

    (d)

    6k

  40. An engine pumps water continuously through a hose. Water leaves the hose with a velocity v and m is the mass per unit length of the water of the jet. What is the rate at which kinetic energy is imparted to water?

    (a)

    \({{1}\over{2}}{m}{v}^{2}\)

    (b)

    mv3

    (c)

    \({{1}\over{2}}{m}{v}^{3}\)

    (d)

    \({{1}\over{2}}{m}{v}^{2}\)

  41. The center of mass of a system of particles does not depend upon,

    (a)

    position of particles

    (b)

    relative distance between particles

    (c)

    masses of particles

    (d)

    force acting on particle

  42. A rope is wound around a hollow cylinder of mass 3 kg and radius 40 cm. What is the angular acceleration of the cylinder if the rope is pulled with a force 30 N?

    (a)

    0.25rad s-2

    (b)

    25 rad s-2

    (c)

    5 m S-2 

    (d)

    25 m S-2

  43. A closed cylindrical container is partially filled with water. As the container rotates in a horizontal plane about a perpendicular bisector, its moment of inertia,

    (a)

    Increases

    (b)

    decreases

    (c)

    remains constant

    (d)

    depends on direction of rotation.

  44. A rigid body rotates with an angular momentum L. If its kinetic energy is halved, the angular momentum becomes,

    (a)

    L

    (b)

    L/2

    (c)

    2L

    (d)

    L\(\sqrt{2}\)

  45. A particle undergoes uniform circular motion. The angular momentum of the particle remain conserved about,

    (a)

    the center point of the circle.

    (b)

    the point on the circumference of the circle.

    (c)

    any point inside the circle. 

    (d)

    any point outside the circle

  46. A disc of the moment of inertia Ia is rotating in a horizontal plane about its symmetry axis with a constant angular speed \(\omega\) Another disc initially at rest of moment of inertia Ib is dropped coaxially on to the rotating disc. Then, both the discs rotate with the same constant angular speed. The loss of kinetic energy due to friction in this process is,

    (a)

    \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 } \frac { { I }_{ b }^{ 2 } }{ 2({ I }_{ a }+{ I }_{ b }) } { \omega }^{ 2 }\)

    (b)

    \(\frac { { I }_{ b }^{ 2 } }{ 2({ I }_{ a }+{ I }_{ b }) } { \omega }^{ 2 }\)

    (c)

    \(\frac { { ({ I }_{ b }-{ I }_{ a }) }^{ 2 } }{ ({ I }_{ a }+{ I }_{ b }) } { \omega }^{ 2 }\)

    (d)

    \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 } \frac { { { I }_{ b }{ I }_{ b } } }{ ({ I }_{ a }+{ I }_{ b }) } { \omega }^{ 2 }\)

  47. The ratio of the acceleration for a solid sphere (mass m and radius R) rolling down an incline of angle \(\theta\) without slipping and slipping down the incline without rolling is,

    (a)

    5 : 7

    (b)

    2: 3

    (c)

    2: 5

    (d)

    7: 5

  48. The speed of a solid sphere after rolling down from rest without sliding on an inclined plane of vertical height his,

    (a)

    \( \sqrt \frac{4}{3}gh\)

    (b)

    \( \sqrt \frac{10}{7}gh\)

    (c)

    \(\sqrt{2gh}\)

    (d)

    \( \sqrt \frac{1}{2}gh\)

  49. The speed of the center of a wheel rolling on a horizontal surface is vo  A point on the rim in level with the center will be moving at a speed of

    (a)

    zero

    (b)

    vo

    (c)

    \(\sqrt{2}\)vo

    (d)

    2vo

  50. When a mass is rotating in a plane about a fixed point, its angular momentum is directed along,

    (a)

    a line perpendicular to the plane of rotation

    (b)

    the line making an angle of 450 to the plane of rotation

    (c)

    the radius

    (d)

    tangent to the path

  51. If the masses of the Earth and Sun suddenly double, the gravitational force between them will

    (a)

    remain the same

    (b)

    increase 2 times

    (c)

    increase 4 times

    (d)

    decrease 2 times

  52. A planet moving along an elliptical orbit is closest to the Sun at distance r1 and farthest away at a distance of r2. If v1 and v2 are linear speeds at these points respectively. Then the ratio \({v_1\over v_2}\) is

    (a)

    \({r_2\over r_1}\)

    (b)

    \(({r_2\over r_1})^2\)

    (c)

    \({r_1\over r_2}\)

    (d)

    \(({r_1\over r_2})^2\)

  53. If the distance between the Earth and Sun were to be doubled from its present value, the number of days in a year would be

    (a)

    64.5

    (b)

    1032

    (c)

    182.5

    (d)

    730

  54. According to Kepler’s second law, the radial vector to a planet from the Sun sweeps out equal areas in equal intervals of time. This law is a consequence of

    (a)

    conservation of linear momentum

    (b)

    conservation of angular momentum

    (c)

    conservation of energy

    (d)

    conservation of kinetic energy

  55. The gravitational potential energy of the Moon with respect to Earth is

    (a)

    always positive

    (b)

    always negative

    (c)

    can be positive or negative

    (d)

    always zero

  56. The work done by the Sun’s gravitational force on the Earth is

    (a)

    always zero

    (b)

    always positive

    (c)

    can be positive or negative

    (d)

    always negative

  57. If the mass and radius of the Earth are both doubled, then the acceleration due to gravity g'

    (a)

    remains same

    (b)

    \({g\over 2}\)

    (c)

    2g

    (d)

    4g

  58. If a person moves from Chennai to Trichy, his weight

    (a)

    increases

    (b)

    decreases

    (c)

    remains same

    (d)

    increases and then decreases

  59. If the acceleration due to gravity becomes 4 times its original value, then escape speed

    (a)

    remains same

    (b)

    2 times of original value

    (c)

    becomes halved

    (d)

    4 times of original value

  60. The kinetic energy of the satellite orbiting around the Earth is

    (a)

    equal to potential energy

    (b)

    less than potential energy

    (c)

    greater than kinetic energy

    (d)

    zero

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