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12th Standard Economics Environmental Economics English Medium Free Online Test One Mark Questions with Answer Key 2020 - 2021

12th Standard

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Economics

Time : 00:20:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 20

    Answer all the questions

    20 x 1 = 20
  1. The common source of outdoor air pollution is caused by combustion processes from the following ______________

    (a)

    Heating and cooking

    (b)

    Traditional stoves

    (c)

    Motor vehicles

    (d)

    All the above

  2. Which one of the following causes of global warming?

    (a)

    Earth gravftation force

    (b)

    Oxygen

    (c)

    Centripetal force

    (d)

    Increasing temperature

  3. Which of the following is main cause for deforestation?

    (a)

    Timber harvesting industry

    (b)

    Natural afforestation

    (c)

    Soil stabilization

    (d)

    Climate stabilization

  4. Alkali soils are predominantly located in the _______ plains?

    (a)

    Indus-Ganga

    (b)

    North-Indian

    (c)

    Gangetic plains

    (d)

    All the above

  5. Ground water contamination occurs when man made products such as

    (a)

    Gasoline

    (b)

    Oil

    (c)

    Water

    (d)

    Chemical

  6. Increasing temperature in the atmosphere leads to

    (a)

    Global warming

    (b)

    Oxygen deletion pollution

    (c)

    Microbiological pollutions

    (d)

    Ground water pollutions

  7. Improper urban planning will cause more __________ among the city travelers.

    (a)

    Crackers

    (b)

    Factory machinery

    (c)

    Nuisances

    (d)

    Sound from motor vehicle.

  8. Ecosystems can be severely destroyed by __________ pollution.

    (a)

    land

    (b)

    water

    (c)

    noise

    (d)

    air pollution

  9. _______________ is the example of positive production externality.

    (a)

    Bee-hive pollination

    (b)

    Beetle pollination

    (c)

    Birds

    (d)

    All the above

  10. _______________ means “all the conditions, circumstances, and influences surrounding and affecting the development of an organism or group of organisms”.

    (a)

    atmosphere

    (b)

    environmental economy

    (c)

    ecosystem

    (d)

    Environment

  11. The relationship between the ___________ and _________is generally explained in the form of a “Material Balance Model’’ developed by AlenKneese and R.V. Ayres.

    (a)

    economy and the ecosystem

    (b)

    society and the environment

    (c)

    ecosystem and society

    (d)

    economy and the environment

  12. In economic activities of Goods and Service, what the RC+RP mean?

    (a)

    Recycles from Production and Consumption

    (b)

    Residual Discharges from Consumption and Production

    (c)

    Consumption and Production

    (d)

    Final Residual Discharge from Production and Consumption

  13. _____________ is a set of properties and characteristics of the environment either generalized or local, as they impinge on human beings and other organisms

    (a)

    Economic Status

    (b)

    Economics Growth

    (c)

    Environmental Degradation

    (d)

    Environmental quality

  14. Externalities are third party effects arising from production and consumption of goods and services for which _____________

    (a)

    equal compensation is paid

    (b)

    some compensation is paid

    (c)

    no appropriate compensation is paid

    (d)

    none of the above

  15. Find the relevant organization which said the following statement “Every day about 93% of the world’s children under the age of 15 (1.8 billion children) breath polluted air that puts their health and development at serious risk”

    (a)

    WTO

    (b)

    WHO

    (c)

    International Environmental Organisation

    (d)

    Indian Ministry of Environment and Forest

  16. Eutrophication______________the oxygen in water which negatively affects fish and other aquatic animal population

    (a)

    inflates

    (b)

    depletes

    (c)

    increases

    (d)

    keeps

  17. Find the odd one in the context Solid waste

    (a)

    plastic containers

    (b)

    emission

    (c)

    bottles

    (d)

    used cars

  18. _______________ is formed due to the result of sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) reacting in the atmosphere with water and returning to earth as rain, fog or snow.

    (a)

    Global Warming

    (b)

    Acid Rain

    (c)

    Cloud Raining

    (d)

    Noise Pollutions

  19. Consumption of a pure public good

    (a)

    depletes the supply of the good for others

    (b)

    increases the supply of the good

    (c)

    denies the opportunity to consume the good to others

    (d)

    neither depletes the good nor excludes others from consuming it

  20. Consider the following statements:
    Assertion (A): Forests are a renewable resource.
    Reason (R): They enhance the quality of the environment.
    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    (a)

    Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    (b)

    Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

    (c)

    A is true but R is false

    (d)

    A is false but R is true.

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