#### Model 3 Mark Book Back Questions (New Syllabus) 2020

12th Standard

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Accountancy

Time : 01:00:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 78

Part A

26 x 3 = 78
1. From the following details, calculate the capital as on 31st December 2018:

Rs
Capital as on 1st January, 2018 27,500
Goods taken for the personal use of the proprietor 5,000
Profit for the year 10,000
2. From the following particulars, calculate total sales.

Particulars Rs
Debtors on 1st April 2017 1,50,000
Bills receivable on 1st April 2017 40,000
Cash received for bills receivable 90,000
Bills receivable dishonoured 10,000
Sales return 40,000
Bills receivable on 31st March, 2018 30,000
Sundry debtors on 31st March, 2018 1,30,000
Cash sales 2,00,000
(a)
Dr. Bills receivable account Cr.
Particulars Rs Particulars Rs
To Balance b/d 40,000 By Cash A/c 90,000
To Debtors A/c* 90,000 By Debtors A/c 10,000
(Bills received during the year –
balancing figure)
(Bills receivable dishonoured)
By Balance c/d 30,000
1,30,000   1,30,000

Dr. Total debtors account Cr.
Particulars Rs Particulars Rs
To Balance b/d 1,50,000 By Cash A/c 3,90,000
To Bills receivable A/c (dishonoured) 10,000 By Sales returns A/c 40,000
To Sales A/c (credit) 4,90,000 By Bills receivable A/c*
By Balance c/d 1,30,000
6,50,000   6,50,000

Total Sales = Cash Sales + Credit Sales = Rs. 2,00,000 +Rs. 4,90,000 = Rs. 6,90,000.

3. State the procedure for calculating profit or loss through statement of affairs.

4. On 1st April 2018 Subha started her business with a capital of Rs.1,20,000. She did not maintain proper book of accounts. Following particulars are available from her books as on 31.3.2019.

Particulars Rs. Particulars Rs.
Debtors 1,80,000 Creditors 90,000
Bills receivable 70,000 Bills payable 2,40,000
Computer 30,000 Cash in hand 60,000
Machinery 3,00,000

During the year she withdrew Rs 30,000 for her personal use. She introduced further capital of Rs.40,000 during the year. Calculate her profit or loss.

5. From the following particulars calculate total purchases

Particulars Rs. Particulars Rs.
Sundry creditors on 1st January, 2018 30,000 Purchases returns 15,000
Bills payable on 1st January, 2018 25,000 Cash purchases 2,25,000
Paid cash to creditors 1,20,000 Creditors on 31st December, 2018 25,000
Paid for bills payable 30,000 Bills payable on 31st December, 2018 20,000
6. From the following Receipts and Payment Account of Trichy Recreation Club, prepare Income and Expenditure Account for the year ended 31.03.2018.d

Receipts Rs. Payments Rs.
To Opening balance   By Furniture purchased 10,000
Cash in hand 11,000 By Rent 2,800
To Dividend received 27,600 By Secretary's honorarium 15,000
To Sale of old newspaper 3,000 By Postage 1,700
To Members’ subscription 31,000 By General expenses 4,350
To Locker rent 8,000 By Printing and Stationery 45,000
To Interest on investments 1,250 By Audit fees 5,000
To Sale of furniture 5,000 By Closing balance
(Book value Rs. 4,400)   Cash in hand 3,000
86,850   86,850
7. How annual subscription is dealt with in the final accounts of not–for–profit organisation?

8. A, B, C and D are partners in a firm. There is no partnership deed. How will you deal with the following?
(i) A has contributed maximum capital. He demands interest on capital at 12% per annum.
(ii) B has withdrawn Rs.1,000 per month. Other partners ask B to pay interest on drawings @ 10% per annum to the firm. But, B does not agree to it.
(iii) Loan advanced by C to the firm is Rs10,000. He demands interest on loan @ 9% per
annum. A and B do not agree with this.
(iv) D demands salary at the rate of Rs.5,000 per month as he spends full time for the business. B and C do not agree with this.
(v) A demands the profit to be shared in the capital ratio. But, B, C and D do not agree.

9. Anbu is a partner in a partnership firm. As per the partnership deed, interest on drawings is charged at 12% p.a. During the year ended 31st December 2018 he drew as follows:

Date Rs
March 1 6,000
June 1 4,000
September 1 5,000
December 1 2,000

Calculate the amount of interest on drawings by using product method.

10. State the differences between fixed capital method and fluctuating capital method.

11. Ahamad and Basheer contribute Rs.60,000 and Rs.40,000 respectively as capital. Their respective share of profit is 2:1 and the profit before interest on capital for the year is Rs.5,000. Compute the amount of interest on capital in each of the following situations:
(i) if the partnership deed is silent as to the interest on capital
(ii) if interest on capital @ 4% is allowed as per the partnership deed
(iii) if the partnership deed allows interest on capital @ 6% per annum.

12. The profits and losses of a firm for the last four years were as follows:
2015: Rs.15,000; 2016: Rs.17,000; 2017: Rs.6,000 (Loss); 2018: Rs.14,000
You are required to calculate the amount of goodwill on the basis of 5 years purchase of average profits of the last 4 years.

13. From the following information relating to a partnership firm, find out the value of its goodwill based on 3 years purchase of average profits of the last 4 years:
(a) Profits of the years 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 are Rs.10,000, Rs.12,500, Rs.12,000 and Rs.11,500 respectively.
(b) The business was looked after by a partner and his fair remuneration amounts to Rs.1,500 per year. This amount was not considered in the calculation of the above profits.

14. Rathna Kumar and Arockia Das are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2. Their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2017 is as follows:

Liabilities Rs. Rs. Assets Rs.
Capital accounts:     Buildings 30,000
Rathna Kumar 30,000   Plant 60,000
Arockia Das 50,000 80,000 Furniture 20,000
Profit and loss appropriation A/c   20,000 Debtors 10,000
General reserve   5,000 Stock 15,000
Workmen compensation fund   15,000 Cash at bank 15,000
Sundry creditors   30,000
1,50,000   1,50,000

David was admitted into the partnership on 1.4.2017. Pass journal entry to distribute the accumulated profits and reserve on admission.

15. Arun, Babu and Charles are partners sharing profits and losses equally. They admit Durai into partnership for 1/4 share in future profits. The goodwill of the firm is valued at Rs.36,000 and Durai brought cash for his share of goodwill. The existing partners withdraw half of the amount of their share of goodwill. Pass necessary journal entries on the assumption that the fluctuating capital method is followed.

16. Hari, Madhavan and Kesavan are partners, sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5:3:2. As from 1st April 2017, Vanmathi is admitted into the partnership and the new profit sharing ratio is decided as 4:3:2:1. The following adjustments are to be made.
(a) Increase the value of premises by Rs.60,000.
(b) Depreciate stock by Rs.5,000, furniture by Rs.2,000 and machinery by Rs.2,500.
(c) Provide for an outstanding liability of Rs.500.
Pass journal entries and prepare revaluation account.

17. Anu and Arul were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 4:1. They have decided to admit Mano into the firm for 2/5 share of profits. The goodwill of the firm on the date of admission was valued at Rs.25,000. Mano is not able to bring in cash for his share of goodwill. Pass necessary journal entry for goodwill on the assumption that the fluctuating capital method is followed.

18. Kavitha, Kumudha and Lalitha are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5:3:3 respectively. Kumudha retires from the firm on 31st December, 2018. On the date of retirement, her capital account shows a credit balance of Rs. 2,00,000. Pass journal entries if:
i) The amount due is paid off immediately by cheque.
ii) The amount due is not paid immediately.
iii) Rs.70,000 is paid immediately by cheque

19. Vinoth, Karthi and Pranav are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:2:1. Pranav retires from partnership on 1st April 2018. The following adjustments are to be
(i) Increase the value of land and building by Rs. 18,000
(ii) Reduce the value of machinery by Rs. 15,000
(iii) A provision would also be made for outstanding expenses for Rs. 8,000.
Give journal entries and prepare revaluation account.

20. Kavin, Madhan and Ranjith are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 4:3:3 respectively. Kavin retires from the firm on 31st December, 2018. On the date of retirement, his capital account shows a credit balance of Rs. 1,50,000. Pass journal entries if:
(a) The amount due is paid off immediately.
(b) The amount due is not paid immediately.
(c) Rs.1,00,000 is paid and the balance in future.

21. Gemini Ltd. forfeited 20 equity shares of Rs.10 each, Rs.7 called up, on which Mahesh had paid application and allotment money of Rs.5 per share. Of these 15 shares were reissued to Naresh by receiving Rs.6 per share paid up as rs.7 per share. Pass journal entries for forfeiture and reissue.

22. From the following particulars of Kumar Ltd, prepare a common-size income statement for
the year ended 31st March, 2018.

Particulars 2017-18
RS.
Revenue from operations 5,00,000
Other income 20,000
Expenses 3,00,000
23. Prepare common-size balance sheet of Sharmila Ltd. and Sangeetha Ltd. as on 31st March,
2019.

Particulars Sharmila Ltd Sangeetha Ltd
Rs. Rs.
I EQUITY AND LIABILITIES
Shareholders’ funds 5,00,000 11,00,000
Non-current liabilities 4,00,00 7,00,000
Current liabilities 1,00,000 2,00,000
Total 10,00,000 20,00,000
II ASSETS
Non-current assets 6,50,000 18,00,000
Current assets 3,50,000 2,00,000
Total 10,00,000 20,00,000
24. Bring out the limitations of ratio analysis.

25. Calculate
(i) Inventory turnover ratio
(iii) Trade payable turnover ratio and
(iv) Fixed assets turnover ratio from the following information obtained from Delphi Ltd.

Particulars As on
31st March, 2018
Rs.
As on
31st March, 2019
Rs.
Inventory 1,40,000 1,00,000
Fixed assets 5,50,000 5,00,000

(i) Revenue from operations for the year Rs.10,50,000
(ii) Purchases for the year Rs.4,50,000
(iii) Cost of revenue from operations Rs.6,00,000.
Assume that sales and purchases are for credit.

26. Write a brief note on accounting vouchers.