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12th Standard English Medium Physics Reduced syllabus Annual Exam Model Question Paper - 2021

12th Standard

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Physics

Time : 02:45:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 70

      Part I      

      Answer all the questions.

      Choose the most suitable answer from the given four alternatives and write the option code with the corresponding answer.


    15 x 1 = 15
  1. Two identical point charges of magnitude –q are fi xed as shown in the fi gure below. A third charge +q is placed midway between the two charges at the point P. Suppose this charge +q is displaced a small distance from the point P in the directions indicated by the arrows, in which direction(s) will +q be stable with respect to the displacement

    (a)

    A1 and A2

    (b)

    B1 and B2

    (c)

    both directions

    (d)

    No stable

  2. Rank the electrostatic potential energies for the given system of charges in increasing order.

    (a)

    1 = 4 < 2 < 3

    (b)

    2 = 4 < 3 < 1

    (c)

    2 = 3 < 1 < 4

    (d)

    3 < 1 < 2 < 4

  3. An electric field \(\vec { E } =10x\hat { i } \) exists in a certain region of space. Then the potential difference V = Vo – VA, where Vo is the potential at the origin and VA is the potential at x = 2 m is:

    (a)

    10 J

    (b)

    -20 J

    (c)

    +20 J

    (d)

    -10 J

  4. Th e following graph shows current versus voltage values of some unknown conductor. What is the resistance of this conductor?

    (a)

    2 ohm

    (b)

    4 ohm

    (c)

    8 ohm

    (d)

    1 ohm

  5. A carbon resistor of (47 ± 4.7 ) k Ω to be marked with rings of diff erent colours for its identifi cation. Th e colour code sequence will be

    (a)

    Yellow – Green – Violet – Gold

    (b)

    Yellow – Violet – Orange – Silver

    (c)

    Violet – Yellow – Orange – Silver

    (d)

    Green – Orange – Violet - Gold

  6. What is the value of resistance of the following resistor?

    (a)

    100 k Ω

    (b)

    10 k Ω

    (c)

    1k Ω

    (d)

    1000 k Ω

  7. The internal resistance of a 2.1 V cell which gives a current of 0.2 A through a resistance of 10 Ω is

    (a)

    0.2 Ω

    (b)

    0.5 Ω

    (c)

    0.8 Ω

    (d)

    1.0 Ω

  8. Th e force experienced by a particle having mass m and charge q accelerated through a potential diff erence V when it is kept under perpendicular magnetic field \(\vec { B } \) is

    (a)

    \(\sqrt { \frac { 2{ q }^{ 3 }BV }{ m } } \)

    (b)

    \(\sqrt { \frac { { q }^{ 3 }{ B }^{ 2 }V }{ 2m } } \)

    (c)

    \(\sqrt { \frac { 2{ q }^{ 3 }{ B }^{ 2 }V }{ m } } \)

    (d)

    \(\sqrt { \frac { { 2q }^{ 3 }BV }{ { m }^{ 3 } } } \)

  9. A non-conducting charged ring of charge q, mass m and radius r is rotated with constant angular speed ω. Find the ratio of its magnetic moment with angular momentum is

    (a)

    \(\\ \frac { q }{ m } \)

    (b)

    \(\\ \frac { 2q }{ m } \)

    (c)

    \(\\ \frac { q }{ 2m } \)

    (d)

    \(\\ \frac { q }{ 4m } \)

  10. The BH curve for a ferromagnetic material is shown in the figure. The material is placed inside a long solenoid which contains 1000 turns/cm. The current that should be passed in the solenonid to demagnetize the ferromagnet completely is

    (a)

    1.00 m A (milli ampere)

    (b)

    1.25 mA

    (c)

    1.50 mA

    (d)

    1.75 mA

  11. A thin semi-circular conducting ring (PQR) of radius r is falling with its plane vertical in a horizontal magnetic fi eld B, as shown in the fi gure.

    The potential diff erence developed across the ring when its speed v, is

    (a)

    Zero

    (b)

    \(\frac { { Bv\pi { r }^{ 2 } } }{ 2 } \)and P is at higher potential

    (c)

    πrBv and R is at higher potential

    (d)

    2rBvand R is at higher potential

  12. In a series RL circuit, the resistance and inductive reactance are the same. Then the phase difference between the voltage and current in the circuit is

    (a)

    \(\frac{\pi}{4}\)

    (b)

    \(\frac{\pi}{2}\)

    (c)

    \(\frac{\pi}{6}\)

    (d)

    zero

  13. In a series resonant RLC circuit, the voltage across 100 Ω resistor is 40 V. The resonant frequency ω is 250 rad/s. If the value of C is 4 μF, then the voltage across L is

    (a)

    600 V

    (b)

    4000 V

    (c)

    400 V

    (d)

    1 V

  14. An inductor 20 mH, a capacitor 50 μF and a resistor 40 Ω are connected in series across a source of emf v = 10 sin 340 t. The power loss in AC circuit is

    (a)

    0.76 W

    (b)

    0.89 W

    (c)

    0.46 W

    (d)

    0.67 W

  15. Which one of them is used to produce a propagating electromagnetic wave?.

    (a)

    an accelerating charge

    (b)

    a charge moving at constant velocity

    (c)

    a stationary charge

    (d)

    an uncharged particle

    1. Part II

      Answer any 6 questions. Question no. 16 is compulsory.


    6 x 2 = 12
  16. What is nuclear chain reaction?

  17. A fusion reaction is more energetic than a fission reaction. Why?

  18. What is a reactor core?

  19. What is the use of industrial robots?

  20. What will be the effect on interference fringes if red light is replaced by blue light?

  21. Define photo diode.

    1. Part III

      Answer any 6 questions. Question no.27 is compulsory.


    6 x 3 = 18
  22. Two small-sized identical equally charged spheres, each having mass 1 mg are hanging in equilibrium as shown in the figure. The length of each string is 10 cm and the angle θ is 7° with the vertical. Calculate the magnitude of the charge in each sphere.(Take g = 10 ms−2)

  23. Calculate the electric field at points P, Q for the following two cases, as shown in the figure.
    (a) A positive point charge +1 μC is placed at the origin.
    (b) A negative point charge -2 μC is placed at the origin.

  24. A block of mass m and positive charge q is placed on an insulated frictionless inclined plane as shown in the figure. A uniform electric field E is applied parallel to the inclined surface such that the block is at rest. Calculate the magnitude of the electric field E.

  25. (a) Calculate the electric potential at points P and Q as shown in the figure below.
    (b) Suppose the charge +9μC is replaced by -9μC find the electrostatic potentials at points P and Q.

    (c) Calculate the work done to bring a test charge +2μC from infinity to the point P. Assume the charge +9μC is held fixed at origin and +2μC is brought from infinity to P.

  26. Consider a rectangular block of metal of height A, width B and length C as shown in the figure.

    If a potential difference of V is applied between the two faces A and B of the block (figure (a)), the current IAB is observed. Find the current that flows if the same potential difference V is applied between the two faces B and C of the block (figure (b)). Give your answers in terms of IAB.

  27. When two resistances connected in series and parallel their equivalent resistances are 15 Ω and \(\frac{56}{15}\)Ω respectively. Find the individual resistances.

    1. Part IV

      Answer all the questions.


    5 x 5 = 25
    1. A point charge of +10 μC is placed at a distance of 20 cm from another identical point charge of +10 μC. A point charge of -2 μC is moved from point a to b as shown in the figure. Calculate the change in potential energy of the system? Interpret your result.

    2. Consider a point charge +q placed at the origin and another point charge -2q placed at a distance of 9 m from the charge +q. Determine the point between the two charges at which electric potential is zero.

    1. A parallel plate capacitor has square plates of side 5 cm and separated by a distance of 1 mm.
      (a) Calculate the capacitance of this capacitor.
      (b) If a 10 V battery is connected to the capacitor, what is the charge stored in any one of the plates? (The value of εo = 8.85 x 10-12 Nm2 C-2)

    2. Draw the free body diagram for the following charges as shown in the figure (a), (b) and (c).

    1. Capacitors P and Q have identical cross sectional areas A and separation d. The space between the capacitors is filled with a dielectric of dielectric constant εr as shown in the figure. Calculate the capacitance of capacitors P and Q.

    2. Let E be the electric field of magnitude 6.0 × 106 N C-1 and B be the magnetic field
      magnitude 0.83 T. Suppose an electron is accelerated with a potential of 200 V, will
      it show zero deflection?. If not, at what potential will it show zero deflection.

    1. An electron moving perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field 0.500 T undergoes circular motion of radius 2.80 mm. What is the speed of electron?

    2. A conductor of linear mass density 0.2 g m-1 suspended by two flexible wire as shown in figure. Suppose the tension in the supporting wires is zero when it is kept inside the magnetic field of 1 T whose direction is into the page. Compute the current inside the conductor and also the direction of the current. Assume g = 10 m s-2

    1. Let I1 and I2 be the steady currents passing through a long horizontal wire XY and PQ respectively. The wire PQ is fixed in horizontal plane and the wire XY be is allowed to move freely in a vertical plane. Let the wire XY is in equilibrium at a height d over the parallel wire PQ as shown in figure.

      Show that if the wire XY is slightly displaced and released, it executes Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM). Also, compute the time period of oscillations.

    2. The coil of a moving coil galvanometer has 5 turns and each turn has an effective area of 2 × 10-2 m2. It is suspended in a magnetic field whose strength is 4 × 10-2 Wb m-2. If the torsional constant K of the suspension fibre is 4 × 10-9 N m deg-1.
      (a) Find its current sensitivity in degree per micro - ampere.
      (b) Calculate the voltage sensitivity of the galvanometer for it to have full scale deflection of 50 divisions for 25 mV.
      (c) Compute the resistance of the galvanometer.

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