#### UNIT TEST - 1

12th Standard

Reg.No. :
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Maths

Time : 01:30:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 100
28 x 2 = 56
1. If F($\alpha$) = $\left[ \begin{matrix} \cos { \alpha } & 0 & \sin { \alpha } \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ -\sin { \alpha } & 0 & \cos { \alpha } \end{matrix} \right]$, show that [F($\alpha$)]-1 = F(-$\alpha$).

2. If A = $\left[ \begin{matrix} 5 & 3 \\ -1 & -2 \end{matrix} \right]$, show that A2 - 3A - 7I2 = O2. Hence find A−1.

3. If A = $\frac { 1 }{ 9 } \left[ \begin{matrix} -8 & 1 & 4 \\ 4 & 4 & 7 \\ 1 & -8 & 4 \end{matrix} \right]$, prove that A−1 = AT.

4. If A = $\left[ \begin{matrix} 3 & 2 \\ 7 & 5 \end{matrix} \right]$ and B = $\left[ \begin{matrix} -1 & -3 \\ 5 & 2 \end{matrix} \right]$, verify that (AB)-1 = B-1A-1

5. If adj(A) = $\left[ \begin{matrix} 2 & -4 & 2 \\ -3 & 12 & -7 \\ -2 & 0 & 2 \end{matrix} \right]$, find A.

6. If adj(A) = $\left[ \begin{matrix} 0 & -2 & 0 \\ 6 & 2 & -6 \\ -3 & 0 & 6 \end{matrix} \right]$, find A−1.

7. Find adj(adj (A)) if adj A = $\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 1 \\ 0 & 2 & 0 \\ -1 & 0 & 1 \end{matrix} \right]$.

8. A = $\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & \tan { x } \\ -\tan { x } & 1 \end{matrix} \right]$, show that ATA-1 = $\left[ \begin{matrix} \cos { 2x } & -\sin { 2x } \\ \sin { 2x } & \cos { 2x } \end{matrix} \right]$

9. Find the matrix A for which A$\left[ \begin{matrix} 5 & 3 \\ -1 & -2 \end{matrix} \right] =\left[ \begin{matrix} 14 & 7 \\ 7 & 7 \end{matrix} \right]$.

10. If A = $\left[ \begin{matrix} 0 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 1 & 0 \end{matrix} \right]$, show that A-1 = $\frac {1}{2}$ (A2 - 3I).

11. Find the rank of the following matrices by row reduction method:
$\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 \\ \begin{matrix} 2 \\ 5 \end{matrix} \end{matrix}\begin{matrix} 1 \\ \begin{matrix} -1 \\ -1 \end{matrix} \end{matrix}\begin{matrix} 1 \\ \begin{matrix} 3 \\ 7 \end{matrix} \end{matrix}\begin{matrix} 3 \\ \begin{matrix} 4 \\ 11 \end{matrix} \end{matrix} \right]$

12. Find the inverse of each of the following by Gauss-Jordan method:
$\left[ \begin{matrix} 2 & -1 \\ 5 & -2 \end{matrix} \right]$

13. Solve the following system of linear equations by matrix inversion method:
2x + 5y = −2, x + 2y = −3

14. A man is appointed in a job with a monthly salary of certain amount and a fixed amount of annual increment. If his salary was Rs. 19,800 per month at the end of the first month after 3 years of service and Rs. 23,400 per month at the end of the first month after 9 years of service, find his starting salary and his annual increment. (Use matrix inversion method to solve the problem.)

15. Four men and 4 women can finish a piece of work jointly in 3 days while 2 men and 5 women can finish the same work jointly in 4 days. Find the time taken by one man alone and that of one woman alone to finish the same work by using matrix inversion method.

16. The prices of three commodities A, B and C are Rs. x, y and z per units respectively. A person P purchases 4 units of B and sells two units of A and 5 units of C. Person Q purchases 2 units of C and sells 3 units of A and one unit of B. Person R purchases one unit of A and sells 3 unit of B and one unit of C. In the process, P, Q and R earn Rs. 15,000, Rs. 1,000 and Rs. 4,000 respectively. Find the prices per unit of A, B and C. (Use matrix inversion method to solve the problem.)

17. Solve the following systems of linear equations by Cramer’s rule:
5x − 2y +16 = 0, x + 3y − 7 = 0

18. In a competitive examination, one mark is awarded for every correct answer while $\frac { 1 }{ 4 }$ mark is deducted for every wrong answer. A student answered 100 questions and got 80 marks. How many questions did he answer correctly ? (Use Cramer’s rule to solve the problem).

19. A chemist has one solution which is 50% acid and another solution which is 25% acid. How much each should be mixed to make 10 litres of a 40% acid solution? (Use Cramer’s rule to solve the problem).

20. A fish tank can be filled in 10 minutes using both pumps A and B simultaneously. However, pump B can pump water in or out at the same rate. If pump B is inadvertently run in reverse, then the tank will be filled in 30 minutes. How long would it take each pump to fill the tank by itself ? (Use Cramer’s rule to solve the problem).

21. A family of 3 people went out for dinner in a restaurant. The cost of two dosai, three idlies and two vadais is Rs. 150. The cost of the two dosai, two idlies and four vadais is Rs. 200. The cost of five dosai, four idlies and two vadais is Rs. 250. The family has Rs. 350 in hand and they ate 3 dosai and six idlies and six vadais. Will they be able to manage to pay the bill within the amount they had ?

22. If ax2 + bx + c is divided by x + 3, x − 5, and x − 1, the remainders are 21, 61 and 9 respectively. Find a, b and c. (Use Gaussian elimination method.)

23. An amount of Rs. 65,000 is invested in three bonds at the rates of 6%, 8% and 9% per annum respectively. The total annual income is Rs. 4,800. The income from the third bond is Rs. 600 more than that from the second bond. Determine the price of each bond. (Use Gaussian elimination method.)

24. A boy is walking along the path y = ax2 + bx + c through the points (−6, 8), (−2, −12) and (3, 8). He wants to meet his friend at P(7, 60). Will he meet his friend? (Use Gaussian elimination method.)

25. Find the value of k for which the equations
kx - 2y + z = 1, x - 2ky + z = -2, x - 2y + kz = 1 have
(i) no solution
(ii) unique solution
(iii) infinitely many solution

26. Investigate the values of λ and μ the system of linear equations 2x + 3y + 5z = 9, 7x + 3y - 5z = 8, 2x + 3y + λz = μ, have
(i) no solution
(ii) a unique solution
(iii) an infinite number of solutions.

27. Determine the values of λ for which the following system of equations x + y + 3z = 0, 4x + 3y + λz = 0, 2x + y + 2z = 0 has
(i) a unique solution
(ii) a non-trivial solution

28. By using Gaussian elimination method, balance the chemical reaction equation:
C2 H6 + O2 ➝ H2O + CO2

29. 7 x 3 = 21
30. If A = $\left[ \begin{matrix} 4 & 3 \\ 2 & 5 \end{matrix} \right]$, find x and y such that A2 + xA + yI2 = O2. Hence, find A-1.

31. Prove that $\left[ \begin{matrix} \cos { \theta } & -\sin { \theta } \\ \sin { \theta } & \cos { \theta } \end{matrix} \right]$ is orthogonal.

32. If A = $\left[ \begin{matrix} -4 & 4 & 4 \\ -7 & 1 & 3 \\ 5 & -3 & -1 \end{matrix} \right]$ and B = $\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & -1 & 1 \\ 1 & -2 & -2 \\ 2 & 1 & 3 \end{matrix} \right]$, find the products AB and BA and hence solve the system of equations x - y + z = 4, x - 2y - 2z = 9, 2x + y + 3z = 1.

33. The upward speed v(t)of a rocket at time t is approximated by v(t) = at2 + bt + c, 0 ≤ t ≤ 100 where a, b and c are constants. It has been found that the speed at times t = 3, t = 6, and t = 9 seconds are respectively, 64, 133, and 208 miles per second respectively. Find the speed at time t = 15 seconds. (Use Gaussian elimination method.)

34. Determine the values of λ for which the following system of equations (3λ − 8)x + 3y + 3z = 0, 3x + (3λ − 8)y + 3z = 0, 3x + 3y + (3λ − 8)z = 0. has a non-trivial solution.

35. By using Gaussian elimination method, balance the chemical reaction equation :
C5H8 + O2 ⟶ CO2 + H2O.

36. If the system of equations px + by + cz = 0, ax + qy + cz = 0, ax + by + rz = 0 has a non-trivial solution and p ≠ a, q ≠ b, r ≠ c, prove that $\frac { p }{ p-a } +\frac { q }{ q-b } +\frac { r }{ r-c } =2$.

37. 5 x 5 = 25
38. In a T20 match, a team needed just 6 runs to win with 1 ball left to go in the last over. The last ball was bowled and the batsman at the crease hit it high up. The ball traversed along a path in a vertical plane and the equation of the path is y = ax2 + bx + c with respect to a xy-coordinate system in the vertical plane and the ball traversed through the points (10, 8), (20, 16) (40, 22) can you conclude that the team won the match?
Justify your answer. (All distances are measured in metres and the meeting point of the plane of the path with the farthest boundary line is (70, 0).)

39. Test for consistency of the following system of linear equations and if possible solve:
x + 2y - z = 3, 3x - y + 2z = 1, x - 2y + 3z = 3, x - y + z + 1 = 0

40. Test for consistency of the following system of linear equations and if possible solve:
x - y + z = -9, 2x - 2y + 2z = -18, 3x - 3y + 3z + 27 = 0.

41. Find the condition on a, b and c so that the following system of linear equations has one parameter family of solutions: x + y + z = a, x + 2y + 3z = b, 3x + 5y + 7z = c.

42. Investigate for what values of λ and μ the system of linear equations x  +  2y  +  z  =  7 ,   x  +  y  +  λz   =  μ ,   x  +  3y  −  5z   =  5 has
(i) no solution
(ii) a unique solution
(iii) an infinite number of solutions